If you follow college football even casually, you know that Clemson is the only FBS program other than the service academies to steer clear of transfers this offseason.

It’s become such a hot topic that Dabo Swinney poked fun at himself about it on ACC Network this week, saying that technically, all players are transfers since they “transferred” to college from high school.

While Swinney has been making jokes and standing pat with the hand he dealt himself, his ACC competitors have been hard at work beefing up their rosters with veteran free agents.

Now that the spring window has closed and rosters are all but set, let’s take a look at the 5 whose programs were the most successful at using the portal.

5. Cal

Total transfers: 22
Spring additions: Cheikh Fall, Edge (Eastern Kentucky); Kyion Grayes, WR (Ohio State); Jasiah Wagoner, CB (Oklahoma); CJ Harris, QB (Ohio); Ryan Yaites, S (LSU); Serigne Tounkara, Edge (Missouri); TJ Bollers, DL (Wisconsin); Liam Johnson, LB (Princeton).

Overview: No one in the ACC – yeah, that still sounds strange – has been more active on the portal since the end of spring practice than Cal’s Justin Wilcox. Nine of the Bears’ 22 veteran free agents have joined the program in the past month. And he might not be through. His latest pickup, Eastern Kentucky edge rusher Cheikh Fall, just committed on Wednesday.

Wilcox has loaded up on defensive talent, including high-profile transfers from Oklahoma (cornerback Wagoner), LSU (safety Yaites), Missouri (Tounkara) and Wisconsin (Bollers). Defense, however, might just be the least of his concerns.

Even though Cal already has 3 quarterbacks on the roster – incumbent starter Fernando Mendoza, North Texas transfer Chandler Rogers and top incoming freshman EJ Caminong – Wilcox still thought it necessary to bring in another candidate. And not just any quarterback. Harris was the MVP of the 2022 Arizona Bowl for Ohio before missing all but 2 games last season because of a medical issue.

4. Miami

Total transfers: 14
Spring additions: Jaylin Alderman, LB (Louisville); Simeon Barrow Jr., DT (Michigan State); Sam Brown, WR (Houston); Damien Martinez, RB (Oregon State); Dyoni Hill, cornerback (Marshall).

Overview: Mario Cristobal plucked the plum of this year’s transfer class by convincing Washington State quarterback Cam Ward to pull out of the NFL draft and spend 1 final college season in Coral Gables. Ward is already proving to be a nice fit for the Hurricanes’ offense after throwing for 324 yards and 3 touchdowns in his new team’s spring game.

But he’s far from Miami’s only new offensive weapon. Cristobal provided Ward with a potent downfield target in Brown, who caught 62 passes for 813 yards and 3 touchdowns for Houston last season. And he bulked up the ground attack by signing explosive running back Martinez, who rushed for 2,167 yards and 16 touchdowns while averaging 6.1 yards per carry in 2 seasons at Oregon State.

The Hurricanes’ top defensive portal additions include Arizona safety Isaiah Taylor, the son of Hall of Famer Jason Taylor, NC State nose guard CJ Clark and late addition Alderman, a veteran linebacker from Louisville.

3. Louisville

Total transfers: 31
Spring additions: Tramel Logan, Edge (USF); Rene Konga, DT (Rutgers); Myles Jernigan, Edge (Cal); Richard Kinley II, Edge (Memphis); Dan Foster, LB (Texas State).

Overview: Quality or quantity? Jeff Brohm is hoping he’s hit on a little of both as he attempts to fill all the missing pieces from his surprising 10-win team that played for the ACC championship in his 1st season with the Cardinals. He cast a wide net in search of replacements for quarterback Jack Plummer, leading rushers Jahwar Jordan and Isaac Guerendo, top receiver Jamari Thrash and a large portion of his defense. And he succeeded in putting together a massive class.

Brohm found his quarterback in Tyler Shough, a 7th-year senior who has spent time at both Oregon and Texas Tech, and who excelled in Louisville’s spring game. He turned to ACC rivals Miami and North Carolina to pick up running back Donald Chaney Jr. and cornerback Tayon Holloway. North Carolina while also collecting castoffs from SEC programs Alabama (wide receiver Ja’Corey Brooks), Florida (cornerback Jalen Kimber) and Kentucky (tight end Izayah Cummings).

Once spring practice concluded, Brohm turned his attention to bolstering his defensive line by bringing in edge rushers Logan, Jernigan and Kinley – who combined for 76 tackles, 5.5 sacks, 4 fumble recoveries and 2 interceptions in 2023.

2. NC State

Total transfers: 15
Spring additions: Ja’Had Carter, S (Ohio State); Chazz Wallace, DL (Colorado); Kerry Martin, S (Akron).

Overview: The Wolfpack won 9 games last season despite a sometimes-balky offense that ranked 9th in the ACC in scoring and 10th in total yardage. Improving that unit was priority No. 1 for Dave Doeren. And it showed.

Doeren hit an early home run by landing 3-time Sun Belt Conference Player of the Year Grayson McCall of Coastal Carolina to play quarterback. He surrounded McCall with plenty of playmakers with the additions of receivers Noah Rogers from Ohio State and Wesley Grimes from Wake Forest, tight end Justin Joly from UConn, and running backs Jordan Waters from Duke and Oklahoma’s Hollywood Smothers.

With his offensive wish list filled, Doeren turned to adding talent and depth to his defense over the past week. He brought Carter back to the ACC, where he amassed 135 tackles and 5 interceptions at Syracuse, after a season at Ohio State where he found playing time scarce. Fellow safety Martin, the cousin of former State cornerback Derrek Pitts Jr., had 45 tackles. 2 interceptions and 6 PBUs at Akron last year while Wallace is a space-eating nose tackle who will help make up for the portal loss of CJ Clark.

1. Florida State

Total transfers: 17
Spring additions: Cam Riley, LB (Auburn); DB Omarion Cooper (Colorado).

Overview: Mike Norvell and his staff did most of the heavy lifting in retooling their roster during the early portal opening, with an impressive haul that filled needs at quarterback with the addition of Oregon State’s DJ Uiagalelei, running back with Indiana’s Jaylin Lucas, receiver with Alabama’s Malik Benson, edge rusher with Georgia’s Marvin Jones Jr and linebacker with Alabama’s Shawn Murphy.

They finished the job this spring by bringing in a pair of players to help fill the voids left by key departures at both linebacker and the defensive backfield. Riley is a 6-foot-5, 242-pound athlete who recorded 32 tackles and 2.5 sacks last season. He originally committed to NC State before changing his mind and joining the Seminoles. Cooper played his 1st 2 seasons in Tallahassee before transferring to Colorado. But after just 1 season in Bolder, he realized that Prime Time wasn’t his time and he returned home to FSU.